Censored ’Anti-Japan’ Hollywood movie

Last night, I watched ‘Unbroken’, a movie directed by Angelina Jolie. The movie, made last year, has not been released in Japan because of threats made to theatres by right-wing conservatives claiming that it is ‘anti-Japan’.

The story is about an American prisoner of war, Louis Zamperini, who was captured by the Japanese and tortured in POW camps during WWII. The man, an Olympic athlete, drifted on the ocean for 47 days after his bomber jet went down, before being captured. His ‘unbroken’ spirit allowed him to survive unimaginable hardships and finally he is freed at the end of war. Despite the hostile and violent treatment in the camp, he eventually forgives the Japanese and returns to Japan to run as a flame bearer for Nagano Olympics in 1998. It’s not a documentary but the movie is pretty faithful to his real-life experience. Zamperini passed away last year at the age of 97.

It’s obvious that the people who accuse the movie of being ‘anti-Japan’ have not even watched it. It seems so clear that this is an ‘anti-war’ movie, not ‘anti-Japan’. Also, this movie makes you think about the meaning of ‘forgiveness’. Compared to the brutal killing, torturing and rape committed by Japanese soldiers in China and other Asian countries during the war, the violent scenes in the movie are nothing.  It’s not even close enough to make it ‘anti-Japan’ if it’s intended that way, I would say.

My worries are not about the right wingers making the fuss of the movie on the internet but about the current Japanese government lead by Prime Minister Abe, a super right winger although he is carefully not showing his true colors to the outside world. I strongly suspect Abe’s influence behind the decision not to release ‘Unbroken’

The movie has the potential to revitalize anti-war sentiment among the Japanese as they slowly forget the significance of their nation’s pacifist constitution – the result of Japan’s own trauma from the war, which culminated in the nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Abe is slowly eroding that by pushing revision to allow Japan to participate in armed conflicts and to recruit more youth into the armed forces.

It’s already said that Abe is interfering with the Japanese media to keep them under his control. It’s quite scary but now this ‘Unbroken’ incident can be seen as censorship of a foreign movie.

We, as Japanese, really need to keep an eye on what Abe is doing and take necessary action to stop his nationalist agenda and authoritarian tendencies. It will be too late to realize when we become a ‘prisoner of war’ like the American soldier in the movie. I don’t have ‘unbroken’ spirit to survive 47 days on the ocean and torture in prison…

(Photo: An Iraqi man detained by a U.S soldier in Baghdad on Sep 5, 2007, during a raid. Photo by Kuni Takahashi)






冷静な目で見れば、これは「反日」ではなく「反戦」映画だということがすぐわかるはず。そして、47日間もの漂流と収容所での拷問の数々にも屈しなかった一人の男の人生をとおして、「許すこと」の意味を問うた作品でもある。 だいたい実際に日本兵が中・韓をはじめとしたアジアの国々でおこなった拷問、殺人やレイプにくらべれば、ここで描かれる殴る蹴る程度の暴力など、ショッキングでもなんでもない。反日を意図したものなら、甘すぎるでしょう。







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The world’s largest animal sacrifice

Gadhimai festival is held every five years at a Hindu temple in Bariyapur, a rural village in southern Nepal, located about 20km from the Indian border. Hundreds of thousands well wishers visit the temple during the month-long festival to pray to Gadhimai, a Hindu goddess of power. I visited the festival during the busiest days of sacrifice.

At the beginning, it was a peaceful scene of several thousands of water buffaloes walking around a field surrounded by a high brick wall. Then suddenly a couple hundred men, holding long butcher knives, walked in and started beheading the buffaloes – one after another. The headless bodies collapsed down to the ground and blood sprayed out of their necks. It didn’t even take two hours before the field was filled with black corpses. It was a horrific scene what I have never seen before. Water buffaloes are not the only animals to be sacrificed. Pigeons, rats, hens, goats and pigs are also brutally killed to please the goddess. It’s said that over 200,000 animals were sacrificed during the festival by people who believe the power of goddess which can cure an illness or bring a good harvest.

The ritual at the temple is believed to have started in the 18th century. It’s facing increasing criticism in recent years. Despite campaigns held by local and international animal rights organizations to stop the merciless sacrifice, the temple has turned a deaf ear, saying “it’s tradition and we can’t stop it”.  However, many believe that financial profit is a big reason. The event is lucrative, attracting tourists and generating profits from selling the carcasses to meat and hide contractors. Also, for the rural villagers who have nothing to attract outsiders, the festival is something many locals feel proud of.

The number of buffaloes went down by almost half to around 4,000 since the last festival in 2009. It was somewhat of a victory of the tireless efforts of animal welfare organizations whose goal is to completely stop the animal sacrifice.

I don’t know whether it’s possible to have a Gadhimai festival without animal sacrifice but let’s hope that we may see it in the next festival in 2019.




ガディマイ寺院の生贄の伝統は18世紀にはじまったといわれるが、この残酷ともいえる大量殺戮に対して、近年は批判が高まってきた。 生贄の中止を求めて欧米でもデモがひらかれるようになったが、寺院側は「これは伝統。やめることはできない」と、聞く耳をもたない。しかし、伝統だけではなく、経済的利益も大きな理由との声もある。



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The Spread of ISIS threat

Recruitment of radical militant Islamic group, ISIS, has been spreading out all over the world. In Japan last month, a university student was investigated as he tried to travel to Syria to join ISIS. It’s said that thousands have already joined the ISIS from outside, including western countries, to fight.

India, which is home to over 180 million Muslims, is not an exception. I began noticing news reports several months ago about young Indian men fighting in Iraq or Syria with ISIS.

A little while ago, I visited Kalyan, a town on the outskirts of Mumbai with population of 1.2 million, which is the hometown of four of these youths who ran away to join ISIS. It was confirmed by their phone calls to the family in July that they were in fact fighting in Iraq.

“Why are you taking pictures? “,“Delete the images!” Because of lots of negative coverage already done by the local media, people in the town were not particularly friendly to me and many questions were thrown at to me while taking pictures on the street.

Typically, it’s assumed that uneducated youth from poor families get brainwashed into joining radical Islamic groups. But the four men from Kalyan were from middle-class and well-educated and included an engineer and the son of a doctor.

The grand ambition of the ISIS, which is to create a new Islamic caliphate across the Middle East, may be a big attraction to naïve young Muslims regardless of their education or social class.

In September, there was a report about two Indian Muslims who were working as ISIS recruiters on the Afghan-Pakistan border and somewhere in the Gulf states. It was revealed after testimonies by eight men who were detained as they were leaving Kolkata and Jaipur to join the group. It’s said that both recruiters used Facebook and Twitter to approach the youths.

The Indian government has been on high alert but it’s not an easy task to block the influence of growing international Islamic militancy in this borderless world connected through the internet. Unfortunately, we may have to see more waves of young people get manipulated and end up being on the desert with a gun.










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Monthly photojournal The Page vol. 17 is up

Monthly photojournal The Page vol 17 is up. This issue’s theme is Afghanistan. http://thepage.jp/detail/20141016-00000003-wordleaf


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Bin Laden as a Hero?

A few months ago, I had the opportunity to visit Abbottabad in Pakistan. The town is where U.S. Navy SEALs killed Osama Bin Laden in 2011.The house has been demolished and only debris remain, like some kind of historical ruins. It’s said that Bin Laden was living in the house for several years before the Americans finally found him. Did the Pakistani government know Bin Laden was staying in the town? Why did the U.S. eliminate any physical evidence of Bin Laden’s death by dumping the corpse in the sea? Many questions still remain, which we probably won’t get answers to for a long time.

After talking to several Pakistani people ranging from farmers to a well-educated student in the city, one thing that struck me was how people have positive sentiments toward Bin Laden. Even westernized upper-middle-class man who tend to be sympathetic to Americans about the 9-11 attacks, labeled Bin Laden as a “rebel”(who stood up against the American empire) rather than a “terrorist.”

Although I try in my thoughts and stance to be as neutral as possible, as a photographer who lived in the U.S for almost 20 years and is still working for the Western media, I have to admit that I’m more influenced by the Western way of thinking. I covered the 9-11 attacks, which killed the father of one of my colleagues and the experience at the rubble-filled ground zero convinced me that Bin Laden was nothing but a twisted, violent terrorist. After 13 years, my thoughts toward Bin Laden still haven’t changed.

But while traveling different parts of the world for the last 20 years, I also have learnt that thoughts change when places change. There is no absolute value or ‘right or wrong’ which applies to everyone. My experience in Pakistan wasn’t an exception. For many Americans, Bin Laden is a cold-blooded terrorist but he can be a hero to Pakistanis or some other parts of the world.

A Palestine journalist who lives in Islamabad told me an interesting story. One night after the 9-11 attacks happened, he was having dinner with an American journalist friend. The American asked him how did he feel when he saw people jumping out of the falling towers. The Palestine answered.

“The same feeling as yours when you see a Palestine killed by Israelis”

What he meant was this – Life has the same value whether it’s an American’s or Palestinian’s but why do you only cry for Americans while supporting Israelis massacring Palestinians?

“The friend seemed quite upset hearing my answer,” the Palestinian said.

The American probably had never tried putting himself in the Palestinian’s shoe until then.

The U.S. has historically manipulated the governments of other countries – Vietnam, Nicaragua, El Salvador, to name a few – for America’s benefit. They sometimes tried to overturn governments or supported brutal dictatorships as long as it serves American interests. In recent years, the U.S. seems to have made many enemies in the Islamic countries as it has created a disastrous situation in the region after the failure of its military invasion in Iraq and Afghanistan. It opened up the opportunity for anti-American Islamic fundamentalists to grow drastically. Considering the circumstances, it’s understandable that many Pakistanis think of Bin Laden positively.

In the last weeks, two American journalists were executed in the worst way by the ISIS. No matter what is the reason behind it, these brutal and sick acts are not acceptable and forgiven. But the sad reality is that there are many people applauding on the other side of the world.

What appears to be right changes when the context – religious, ethnic or societal – changes. If people don’t recognize differences and keep opposing the values of others, the cycle of violence and hatred will continue.











ベトナムからニカラグア、サルバドルなど、アメリカは自らの国益のために多くの国の内政に干渉し、政権転覆を謀ったり、ときには独裁者の非道をも支援してきた。そんなアメリカの外交政策に抵抗感を持つ人は少ないないはずだ。近年においてはイラクやアフガニスタンへの理不尽な軍事侵攻の失敗によって、地域を混乱におとしめたことで、多くのイスラム国を敵にまわしてしまった感もある。これは、極端な反米を標榜する過激なイスラム主義者たちが増幅する下地をつくってしまった。こんな背景を考えれば、パキスタン人たちがその教育水準を問わず、 ビン・ラデンを肯定的に捉えているのも理解できる。



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